|The Land Titles Registry, which comes under the SLA umbrella, handles the registration of property transactions in Singapore. These transactions cover all legal transactions affecting land, including:|
- landed properties, such as bungalows, terrace houses and semi-detached houses;
- flats, whether private or HDB; and
- commercial and industrial properties.
The land register shows who owns the land and whether there are encumbrances, such as mortgages or charges affecting the land.
Two land registers co-exist, namely:
- The Register of Deeds for Common Law land under the Registration of Deeds Act; and
- The Land Titles Register for titles land under the Land Titles Act.
Under common law, interest in land is passed by the act of the parties, that is, when a deed is signed, sealed and delivered. This means that Registration of Deeds is not mandatory. However, it is advisable to register deeds for 2 main reasons:
Where there are conflicting or competing interests in the same property, priority will be given to the deed which is registered first.
Section 4 of the Registration of Deeds Act provides, inter alia, that a registrable deed which is not registered is not admissible in any court of law as evidence of title to the land.
Conveyance of Common Law land registered under the Registration of Deeds Act is complicated and labour intensive. To simplify the system for title to land, the Land Titles Act was introduced in 1960. Under the Land Titles System, a Land Titles Register is maintained. Under this system, registration is mandatory to effect the transfer of an estate or interest in land. All documents must be lodged either manually using the approved form or electronically via STARS eLodgment.
The Land Titles Registry is responsible for issuing: